How to create that 3D Art?
5 Shading techniques that will make your art Stand Out.
Shading is the process of adding value to create the illusion of form (3 Dimensional perception) via light which communicates depth and volume to an object. Shading is absolutely critical in creating a realistic and convincing image.
Different Shading techniques illustrated by Kelsey May Connor
1. Smooth Shading (Blending)
This technique is mostly used for fine portraiture. For the surface to be as smooth as a baby’s bottom, you need to use a fine non textured paper. Start off with a dark graphite pencil – 7B or 8B and start with achieving the darkest values of the object, reduce pressure gradually for lighter tones and change the pencil gradient accordingly. to get rid of these tiny grainy particles and achieve extra smoothness you can use a blending stump (a tissue, cotton or a putty rubber are also good alternatives).
2. Cross Hatching
Cross-hatching is a shading technique in which one set of lines cross over another. The density at which the lines cross over each other determines the value that is produced. For darker areas the closer and denser the lines . For lighter areas, the further apart the lines need to be.
3. Hatching (Linear)
If using Hatching lines are drawn in the same linear direction. By drawing lines closer together and reducing space, darker values are created. Leaving more space between lines results in lighter tones and values. For spherical objects, hatching lines are curved slightly hence reducing that shading rigidity and following the rounded contours of the object, creating a smoother image.
4. Doodles and Scribbles
The more swirly and scribbles you create in the darkest part of your object, the darker it gets. The density of the scribbles determines the value produced therefore.
5. Dotting (Stippling)
If you are short tempered and get nervous easily, then this technique is not for you. But rest assured that the result of this technique can be very eye pleasing. The density of the dots determines the value produced therefore, denser dots for darker tones. A pencil or a fine pen/marker would be ideal. For lighter Shades reduce the frequency and density of the dots to allow for more space which contrast gives the illusion of light.
Happy Drawing !